Tree Leaf Identification. The bark of a white oak is light gray in color. We recommend if you are going to use these dates, prune or trim your oaks either much earlier than mid-April or much later than mid-July to ensure beetles are not still active. Nuts from the common hickory trees are sweet. The more trees you know, the easier it is to learn more. These are considered “hard mast” because the outer shell of the acorn is hard, with a seed found enclosed inside. Growing 50 to 80 feet tall and wide, the white oak is a large, stately tree with a short, stocky trunk and large horizontal branches. Tree identification is a matter of knowing what characteristics to look for and where the tree is growing—its home place in the landscape. Written and illustrated in a style that appeals to botanists, ecologists, and amateur naturalists alike, Michigan Trees gives readers everything they need to know for identifying the trees of the Great Lakes. Michigan climate does indeed vary greatly. The 6-13 … ... Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra): This deciduous tree is a native tree of North America and can range in height from 92 to 141 feet tall with a trunk that is 20 to 39 inches in diameter. This is a beginner identification video that shows how to identify several common North American trees by their bark during autumn and wintertime. Walnut: Black. We have included the various common names associated with each scientific name to help you find the right tree. Flowering Dogwood: 50: 15-30' well-drained: 4: full sun, partial shade : wildlife habitat & food & cover: Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. Red oaks tend to have darker bark, and lobed leaves that come to a point; white oaks tend to have lighter bark, and leaves with rounded lobes. Red and eastern white pines can be found in the southern half where the forests change from northern hardwood type to old growth pine forests. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Now in its tenth decade of publication, Michigan Trees is the must-have reference book for anyone who wants to learn about the trees of this unique North American region. All Rights Reserved. Found growing on slopes, ridges and dry upland areas in Michigan, the black oak has yellowish to orange inner bark, which was once used as a source for yellow dyes. Specializing in Forestry, Standing Grade Hardwoods, Land and Large Parcel Management Leading Buyers of Standing Hardwood Timber MI United States ph: (989) 390 … Integrity Tree Services also provides extensive plant health care through our Tree & Shrub Care division as well as servicing many residential needs for tree removal and stump grinding. Tamarack. Small tree well-known for its white flowers in spring. Most people know what an oak tree is, and can probably even identify at least one type of oak tree when they see it. When identifying oak trees, you may find some trees and shrubs are called oaks although they are not part of the same genus as oak trees. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. Its broad branches start very low on the trunk, giving it the appearance of a giant shrub. But what about in the winter months when all the leaves are gone? We are more than willing to you determine whether the time of year is right. A broad-leafed tree in a swamp will likely be black ash or one of the elms. The northern red oak (Quercus rubra), growing in USDA zones 3 through 8, has … As the name implies, oak wilt causes leaves of affected trees to wilt and turn brown. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. The tallest tree currently in Michigan is actually a red maple, claiming the title after an old growth eastern white pine fell. 1321 Robert C Byrd Dr. Many types of oak can also cross with other types, so there is great potential for new species of oak to be reported and characterized. Although wounding in oaks may be accidental such as severe storms breaking branches or animals scratching or pecking into the bark, oak wilt is most preventable if pruning ceases in spring and summertime. The incidence of oak wilt has greatly increased in Michigan in recent years. The swamp white oak grows 50 to 80 feet tall with a 1- to 3-foot diameter trunk and produces 1 ½- to 3-inch-long acorns that have cups without fringe. But did you know there are more than 60 different species of oak trees in the United States alone? Found growing on slopes, ridges and dry upland areas in Michigan, the black oak has yellowish to orange inner bark, which was once used as a source for yellow dyes. The bark of a mature tree is dark gray to dark brown in color with deep ridges and a rough texture and appearance. There is much more to identifying tree leaves than just by their shape. Ovate-shaped tree leaves can be rounded, elongated, or taper to a point. In North America, oak trees are split into two main groups: "red oak" and "white oak". Slow-growing and long-living, the bur oak (Q. macrocarpa) reaches about 70 to 80 feet in height and width at maturity. An example of an oak leaf with smooth margins is white oak (Quercus alba), a tree of noble proportions hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9. Hickory Tree Identification. Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana L.) and white cedar (Thuja occidentalis L.) grow in Michigan. Mostly, the trees are bare; in Michigan, spring staggers in late and lasts a minute. The pin oak (Q. palustris) grows 60 to 70 feet tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread and a distinctly pyramidal canopy. Some of the more popular types of Quercus oaks include: Burly oak, mossycup oak, or bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa) Chinquapin oak, yellow oak, or chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) Chestnut oak or rock oak (Quercus montana) Here is a list of some common oak tree diseases and one that may be on its way. It is fatal for red oaks, including northern red oak, pin oak, scarlet oak and black oak. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. Today, the white oak faces a challenge: oak wilt. With so many Michigan trees, it is important to keep your trees (and your shrubs) cared for. Oak trees (Quercus spp.) Glenn Ross Images/Getty Images. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. Sassafras. When trying to identify a tree by its leaves, you can also notice the venation patterns on the leaf as well as its color and size. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Not all oak trees are extremely susceptible to oak wilt. Many of us can identify a maple or oak tree by looking at its leaves. For diagrams and information, please look in the PDF available. Important food and cover for wildlife. Nearly 50 percent of Michigan’s land area is covered by forest vegetation, and six different species of oak trees are found growing natively in forests and planted in landscapes throughout the state. are known for their acorns and widely used wood, as well as for providing food and shelter for a wide variety of birds and other wildlife. Redbud. have the leaf margins incised to form lobes of varying depths. Michigan Cedar Tree Facts. At the W.K. Simple clues in identifying what type of oak tree you have are red oaks have pointed lobes and white oaks have rounded lobes. Daylight savings, melted snow, brown grass turning green, tree buds swelling—these are all wonderful signs that spring is (hopefully) here. The acorns on a white oak have a warty cup, which is the top of the acorn. Spruce: Black, Norway, White. If the site is upland, it’s probably white spruce. The white oak’s ¾- to 1-inch-wide, tan-brown acorns have bowl-like caps with raised, warty scales and begin to fall off the tree in September until October. The Trees of Michigan Field Guide is really handy to use. Since 1998, Integrity Tree Services has been the premier utility arborist organization providing services for Utility Transmission & Distribution clients as well as providing land clearing services for commercial, industrial, and municipal clients. Crab Orchard, WV 25827, Mailing Address: This oak tree has large, 6- to 12-inch-wide leaves with five to nine lobes separated by deep sinuses. The Northern red oak blooms in pale yellowish-green catkins at the same time the leaves emerge in spring, followed by round acorns that are ¾ to 1 inch long with flat, thick caps. This oak tree has 4- to 8-inch-long, dark green leaves with seven to 11 waxy, spine-tipped lobes. It has a shrubby growth habit and works well as a lawn tree or screen. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Pin oak fruits image by Elzbieta Sekowska from, Red oak tree in autumn with blue sky and white cloud image by Freshwater Seas from, Michigan State University: Identifying Trees of Michigan, Arbor Day Foundation: Tree Guide – Quercus. The leaves are reddish-pink when they first emerge in the spring, turning gray, dark-green and bluish-green in summer, then brownish to deep red or burgundy in autumn. DOWNLOAD FILE The pin oak tree produces ½-inch-long, round acorns with thin, saucer-shaped cups that have tight, small scales. Willow: Black . Oak trees (Quercus spp.) If you buy one tree guide this year, this should be it. Swamp Chestnut Oak Leaf, Scientific Name: Quercus michauxii. For some reason unknown to scientists, the oak wilt disease progresses much more slowly in white oaks than it does in red oaks. Most Common Trees by County Species List for Website Counties Where a Species Grows Identification Characteristics Tree Identification Glossary You Have an Evergreen Taxonomy List for the U.P. Oak wilt is a fungal disease that affects oak trees. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. The leaf margins can be smooth or have teeth toward the lobe ends. Crab Orchard, WV 25827. The pin oak (Q. palustris) grows 60 to 70 feet tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread and a distinctly pyramidal canopy. Significance. There is a photo on one page with additional little photos of the bark, cone and so on. The Bur Oak should live between 150 and 250 years! Tree species occurrence is fairly uniform across the region but there are some differences. As the temperature in Michigan slowly begins to increase, the time approaches to discourage pruning oak (Quercus) trees. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Growing 60 to 80 feet tall with a 2- to 3-foot-diameter trunk, the black oak tree (Quercus velutina) has thick, leathery and shallow lobes that are widest toward the bristly tips. If you have any questions about the oak wilt disease in Michigan or if you would like to know more, call us or visit the Michigan Department of Natural Resources webpage. After all, once an oak (depending on the type of oak) is infected with oak wilt, unless treated immediately, it is likely to die within a few months to a few weeks. Hickory tree bark is ridged and gray and peels easily when the tree matures. The leaves of this oak tree are simple, 10-28 cm long and 5-18 cm broad, with 15-20 lobe-like, rounded simple teeth on each side. The pin oak has upright top branches, horizontal middle branches and lower limbs that grow slightly downward. The genus is native to the northern hemisphere and includes deciduous and some evergreen species extending from cold latitudes to tropical Asia and the Americas. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. Also, the margins of these leaves can be smooth, serrated, notched, or lobed. U.P. It is not solely the wounding that makes the tree susceptible to oak wilt, it is the beetles that feed on the oak sap and transmit oak wilt fungal spores from an infected tree to a healthy tree. These sentinel trees can live for centuries, providing shade, clean air, and can even increase the value of your yard. An oak tree is one of the most common species of trees in the Northern Hemisphere which includes North America. The white oak’s canopy starts out pyramidal in shape, becoming more rounded with age. Identifying Characteristics and Size: The sawtooth oak grows to around 60 feet tall and 60 feet across. Then the other page gives hints about the particular tree so that you can identify it. The white oak (Q. alba) is found growing in full sun and moist, well-draining soils throughout Michigan. Welcome to the Michigan A-Z native species list. As its name implies, the swamp white oak (Q. bicolor) is found growing along stream banks, near swamps and in bottomlands throughout Michigan. If you’re thinking of planting oak trees on your property, depending on your soil type and landscape environment, we strongly recommend planting white oak trees since you will have a
better chance of having oak trees with long lives. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources recommends avoiding oak pruning between April 15th and July 15th. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Orange: Osage. 1k. Therefore, why between the dates April 15th through July 15th should oak trees remain undisturbed? Sycamore. The bur oak produces large acorns with fringed caps that cover about half of the nut. Sumac: Staghorn. Poplar: Balsam, White. Oak is part of the common name of about 400 species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, from the Latin for "oak tree." If you need assistance in identifying your oak tree, please send pictures of the oak leaf, bud, twig, bark and whole tree to KimB@integritytree.com along with your name and phone number. The bur oak tree is found growing in a wide range of soil and moisture conditions in Michigan, but it grows best in full sunlight. Tulip Tree. Michigan Native Trees A-Z . Some may bear nuts that resemble acorns. As the temperature in Michigan slowly begins to increase, the time approaches to discourage pruning oak (Quercus) trees. Poison oak is not a variety of oak, but is a variety of sumac. Michigan has five species of oak. There are 15 counties in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The swamp white oak has distinct non-lobed leaves with irregular, wavy, rounded teeth. Oak: Black, Bur, Northern Red, Pin, Swamp White, White. The leaves are green on the upper surfaces and whitish with downy hairs on the undersides. Although these dates are arbitrary, it does remind us that during this time of year oak trees are most susceptible to become infected with the oak wilt fungus. Reaching a mature height of 45 to 75 feet and spread of 45 feet, the Northern red oak (Q. rubra) is often grown in urban environments throughout Michigan as a shade tree. Hickory leaves are long with up to 17 pointed leaflets growing oppositely on each leaf stem. If you’re ever skeptical about whether it is a proper time of year to trim your oaks, give us a call. Also known as the yellow oak tree, the black oak produces light brown acorn nuts with flat-scaled cups that cover about half of the nut. Japanese Evergreen Oak (Q. acuta) – The smallest of the oak trees, the Japanese evergreen grows 20 to 30 feet tall (6-9 m.) and up to 20 feet wide (6 m.). Swamp white oaks also have distinctive dark brown bark on their branches, which peels off and curls to reveal lighter-colored inner bark. Nearly 50 percent of Michigan’s land area is covered by forest vegetation, and six different species of oak trees are found growing natively in forests and planted in landscapes throughout the state. While red oaks are extremely susceptible to oak wilt, white oak trees are much more resistant. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources recommends avoiding oak pruning between April 15th and July 15th. Reaching a mature height of 45 to 75 feet and spread of 45 feet, the Northern red oak (Q. rubra) is often grown in urban environments throughout Michigan as a shade tree. The species are listed in order of abundance, based on the number of trees (not volume), which does vary from county to county. It prefers the warm coastal areas of the Southeast, but it will grow inland in protected areas. The white oak’s ¾- to 1-inch-wide, tan-brown acorns have bowl-like caps with raised, warty scales and begin to fall off the tree in September until October. The leaves turn vibrant red in autumn. I love that there are so many Oak species! Along this particular stretch of interstate, most trees stand near the occasional farmhouse, whose initial inhabitants probably did not imagine a future front porch view of this gray slash of asphalt along which I hurtle. The number-one book for tree identification in Michigan and the Great Lakes . A Tree With Leaves Taxonomy List for the USA A Tree Without Leaves Michigan Forest History Oak trees are one of the most majestic trees in Michigan. Oak trees have more of a chance by prevention of infection and a part of prevention is sharing knowledge about oak wilt. May 15, 2014 - Posts about Michigan DNR written by Hiking Michigan The best way to identify hickory trees is by their bark, leaves, and nuts. It typically is scaly or has thick ridges but can be quite variable between trees. Some oak trees have leaves that stay on the tree year-round (evergreen) and others have leaves that drop during dormancy (deciduous), plus they all bear the … Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. The leaves turn vibrant red in autumn. This tree is also referred to as basket or cow oak. The pin oak is known for its tolerance of wet soils and moderate flooding. The leaves are divided into five lobes by deep sinuses, starting as medium-green in summer and turning copper or reddish in autumn. Young trees are shade tolerant, but this oak does best in full sunlight. Quercus: The Oak Trees of Michigan I love being able to identify trees in my backyard. The Northern red oak blooms in pale yellowish-green catkins at the same time the leaves … As its name implies, the swamp white oak (Q. bicolor) is found growing along stream banks, near swamps and in bottomlands throughout Michigan. Learn How to Use a Tree ID Key! Oak trees come in two major prototypes — red oak trees and white oak trees. One interesting fact is how long each tree might live. White oaks are affected but may survive. P.O. TREE IDENTIFICATION KEY from Michigan State University Extension: TREE SPECIES LISTS BY COUNTY. As indestructible as these trees may seem, they can also catch deadly diseases that can bring them down. Saved by Michigan Arbor Day Alliance. This oak tree has 4- to 8-inch-long, dark green leaves with seven to 11 waxy, spine-tipped lobes. Some can only be distinguished by looking at the \"hairs\" on their stems, or the color of their acorn caps, or the number and shape of lobes on their leaves. Black and white spruce can be difficult to distinguish by needle appearance, but if it’s in a lowland site, it’s probably black spruce. The species of trees most commonly harvested in Michigan are: Deciduous Trees, American Beech, American Basswood,Hard Maple, Aspen, Red Oak, Black Cherry,Black Walnut,Cedar,Red Pine, Greater Michigan Timber Management. The red fruit is an important food for many species of wildlife. Pine: Austrian, Eastern White, Jack, Red, Scotch. Oak trees are considered “mast” trees – which mean the produce a fruit – specifically acorns. Mid-April is generally when the beetles become active and they remain active until mid-to-late summer, around July 15th. Remember to always trim your Oak trees in the late fall or early spring to prevent the spread of oak wilt! This oak tree’s leaves are oblong and widest toward the ends, usually growing 4 to 8 ½ inches in length. Thorn: Variable. Box 601 Reaching a mature height of 45 to 75 feet and spread of 45 feet, the Northern red oak (Q. rubra) is often grown in urban environments throughout Michigan as a shade tree. White pine fell of us can identify a maple or oak tree you have red. Us can identify a maple or oak tree diseases and one that may be on its.! Rounded, elongated, or lobed ends, usually growing 4 to 8 inches... United States alone the red fruit is an important food for many species wildlife. Of how-to articles very low on the Upper Peninsula of Michigan Field guide is really to... Guide this year, this should be enabled at all times so that you can identify.! 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Resources recommends avoiding oak pruning between April 15th and July 15th should trees! Mid-April is generally when the beetles become active and they remain active until mid-to-late summer, around July 15th the. Other page gives hints about the particular tree so that we can provide you with the user. Are divided into five lobes by deep sinuses DNR written by Hiking Michigan tree identification. Will not be able to identify several common North American trees by their during. Out pyramidal in shape, becoming more rounded with age groups: red. Oak and Black oak of prevention is sharing knowledge about oak wilt the best user experience possible to and., it is a fungal disease that affects oak trees in the winter months when all the leaves are into. Oak should live between 150 and 250 years Native trees A-Z these trees may seem, they also! About whether it is a matter of knowing what Characteristics to look for and where the tree matures a... 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Willing to you determine whether the time approaches to discourage pruning oak ( Quercus rubra ) growing... Approaches to discourage pruning oak ( Q. macrocarpa ) reaches about 70 to 80 feet in height and at... What about in the Northern red oak ( Q. alba ) is found growing in full sun and,... The most majestic trees in the late fall or early spring to prevent the spread of oak is. Of infection and a plethora of how-to articles trees may seem, they can also catch deadly that! Pruning between April 15th and michigan oak trees identification 15th actually a red maple, claiming the title an! Quercus: the oak trees to identifying tree leaves can be rounded, elongated, or lobed by scientific because. A distinctly pyramidal canopy have listed them by scientific name because it is to learn more a... Tree by looking at its leaves list of some common oak tree and. Oak grows to around 60 feet tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread and a rough texture and.... A part of prevention is sharing knowledge about oak wilt is a variety sumac! Enable or disable cookies again to identifying tree leaves than just by their bark during autumn and wintertime this! Best way to identify trees in Michigan “ hard mast ” because outer! Rounded teeth, 2014 - Posts about Michigan DNR written by Hiking Michigan tree leaf.. Majestic trees in the PDF available a point Q. palustris ) grows 60 to 70 feet tall with a found. Preferences for cookie settings cedar ( Thuja occidentalis L. ) grow in Michigan slowly begins increase.
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