Cereal yield (kg per hectare) from The World Bank: Data. This translates to an average per hectare yield of … Want … It is widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds, which grow in pods. �|@*��l�ۜ�&0ƃHI��8A$���/���d�����qD���V�0 i� Approximately 4-5kg of sesame seeds is needed per hectare. Fertilizer costs are primarily for nitrogen, which can be met through organic sources. average, farmers in Teso region harvested 785 kg/ha, followed by Acholi region with 693 . Find Out . MASC Crop Insurance, is based on 2017 rates at 80% coverage. To control these, apply 2 sprays of caterpillar and gall fly (or) Carbaryl 0.2% on 40 th and 60 th day after sowing. Yet, exportation of the legume crop seems to be on the rise. It contains the highest oil content, which is between 54% to 56%. Sesame yields in test plots average 1,000 to 1,500 pounds per acre, though as much as 2,300 pounds per acre have been produced on irrigated fields. In 1987, the sesame acreage in this country was less than 2,500 acres, about half of which were in Texas. Towards the later stages of plant growth, rainfall is not good for yield. This translates to an average per hectare yield of 490 kg during the same period. The sesame seeds are used in many different ways. The cost savings from not using herbicides (none are labeled for sesame) is partially offset by extra tillage for weed control. CSV XML EXCEL. There are 14 different types of sesame seeds in Ethiopia. N 60 kg/hectare. Sesame seeds protects liver from alcohol. 1.4K views The seed rate varies from 4–6 Kgs per Hectare depending upon the cropping type and water source. K 40 kg/hectare. Table 4 present sesame seed yields per hectare for the surveyed farmers by region. maximum seed yield (kg∙ha−1) of sesame. per plant, branches per plant, capsule weight per plant and grain yield per hectare. The average yield during harvest lingers around 1.2 metric tons per hectare. You should also know that sesame seeds yield per hectare is about 1-1.5 tonnes every year. A well managed crop of sesame can yield 1200 - 1500 kg/ha under irrigated and 800 - 1000 kg/ha under rainfed conditions. P 61 kg/hectare (30 to 35 days after sowing). Sesame seed is a crop obtained from a very beautiful plant with attractive dark-green leaves and have tubular flowers that can be of white or pale pink colour. Uses of Sesame. Numerous wild relatives occur in Africa and a smaller number in India. km) Download. It is recommended that you weed your sesame seeds farm 25 days after planting to avoid the choking of the seeds before they germinate. Seed is generally sown in rows about 150 to 200 mm apart, and to a depth of 10 to 15 mm, in well-prepared and well-fertilized soil. Yield of Sesame Seed:- Yield always depends on variety and good farm management practices. Sesame seeds help in reducing blood pressure. Nigeria’s soybeans trade has emerged in a lot of complexity. h��Y[o��+|LPx��KQ��I���m�����[��I���7���J�-G'�)�1��g8�)���B�$lZK�>�:ҷVRk�����NO�^����EE4�&��H#�J$�5�JJ,`:+[E(�5�xtLD'!�C&,k0m�c!c��*at�$V�F��(�Ŗ�!m�g*/��4���p��IS'����I숶ꔈ�VvZD�NcCQ'�p�v Y�C��({�7���F�x�*mZն�mM�Zj�_~ɏ�)>��!>��;��U��t~Q���B�#ZT��|�����J&�44����E���L[���kZ��x�Y�h2�և�-c�'cg3��'��V!s8�V��l͞lq��e5����6sP�3�M�۵{�!d�b`L�B��NfJ�f��=\e���1eƐ����o��������8��Z�(a�bP���J�`;�''�墺*1�bm�uC���+F(��3(�%�6 ��wbC�(4�{�C0Ka�]�����^`�����My�� �����v���WB��#Q�?W��U���I�l��a]�U~^2�t�б�ߐǓ�'��jR��ۧ���xQ�o�]L?VO���캺�4)�dZ�Ӈ�6�'��a�~��'��E5����B~Z5�:���uy�>6����ӯ����9��`x�����7���''�����|ڌ��+����G^�7U���wg�ӟZԃ���O�yU�_u*����`A�|P������u%d>�������Q�������l��{:\B�ʚ�q��z���SN���������U9�;=��)�� v�c���R�I�W���GfDA�;]�Q�H�ΩB��iEʎ|ԅ�p /|H�J#�l���{d0oR���K[ ��R�KM>� �¢�a:�oje���e$�f�ȡ���\YzdI��r� qH}��C�� For Kharif crop an average of 200 to 500 Kg/ha, for summer irrigated crop & semi rabi crop,300 to 600 Kg/ha can be achieved. From 1998 to 2001, sesame yields ranged from 300 to 1,200 pounds per acre in dryland acreage and 800 to 1,700 pounds per acre in semi-irrigated / irrigated production. You can expect between 200 and 500 kg per hectare in Kharif crop. Applications of 5 t ha-1 of poultry manure, 60 kg N ha-1 and 13.2 kg P ha-1 seems to be the ideal rates of poultry manure, nitrogen and phosphorus for increased yield of sesame in the And 300-600 kg per hectare in summer or robi crop. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). The production of sesame and oil seeds in general has been growing in recent years. Production costs per acre are modest, being equal to or less than for soybeans or sorghum.. Planting can be done by a mechanical planter in ridges or by broadcasting on plain land. China produces 0.59 million tonnes per year at an average of 530kg per acre (1.31 t/ha) 4.2K views You have entered an incorrect email address! At sowing stage, sesame needs good moisture in the soil, followed by a rainfall of 30-50cm during the first 60 days to reach a good yield. Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. Ethiopia has produced a total of 8,598,531 quintal of oil seeds in the 2017/18 two harvest seasons (Belg and Meher seasons) covering 879,551 hectares of land. ,�&MA$C���"E�$#sXe4XM?������� �*Bk�u����h]��9T�"F�2�D|�L"��ʂLYpa�̭�. In 2019 Afghanistan was number 2 in Sesame Seed Yield. For example in a sunflower field with a stand of 21,000 plants per acre, a head size of 7 inches, a medium seed size with good seed count of 91 percent, and no seed … ... Food production index (2004-2006 = 100) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Land area (sq. Harvesting can be started when the leaves, stems and capsules begin to turn yellow and the lower leaves of the plant start shedding. Since 2014 Italy Sesame Seed Yield grew 5.6% year on year reaching 16,632 Hectograms Per Hectare. Sesame seeds help in lowering cholesterol. Introduction Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is the most conventional oilseed crop cultivated for its edible oil in the sub-con- tinent. If the soil is dry, it is advisable to roll slightly after sowing. 258 0 obj <>stream Table 1: Sesame production data in Metekel and Assosa 2010 Districts Area under sesame cultivation in hectares Estimated average yields in kg per hectare Range of yields in kg per hectare Estimated total production in thousand tons Price per kg of sesame in Birr per kg % of pro-duction by small-holders (<10 ha) Benis-hangul Gumuz 60,064 630 0 h�bbd```b``>"�A$�?�� "ٮ�E�l�J30;L^���`�:�, ���~6' The oldest oilseed crop known to humanity, sesame has many species of which most are native to sub-Saharan Africa while Sesame indicum is native to India. Health Benefits of Sesame (or) Gingelly (or) Til: Sesame seeds help in preventing diabetes. (2007) found that application of 75 kg N ha-1 and 26.4 kg P ha-1 significantly increased the number of seeds per capsule and seed yield per hectare. Generally, a hectare of land will produce 1-1.5 tonnes of sesame seed per year. Between 3 kg and 5 kg of seed is required to produce the 600,000 seedlings needed per hectare. 217 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1EBC61F7B25DC9469D981C2D67C51493>]/Index[180 79]/Info 179 0 R/Length 156/Prev 322749/Root 181 0 R/Size 259/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Keywords Sesame, Planting Geometry, Irrigation Regimes, High Yield 1. The ripe sesame plants should be cut @ the ground level and should be stacked for 7 to 10 days in sun to make them ready for threshing. Want information about Sheep Farming (or) Goat Farming? %PDF-1.7 %���� Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. 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Pests and Diseases in Sesame Farming:- Caterpillar and Gall fly are the main pests in the sesame cultivation. Don’t wait until the crop becomes dead ripe which will cause the shedding of seed. (2007) Hossein recorded the highest sesame seed yield the with application of 60 k N gha-1. 180 0 obj <> endobj Total gross yield per acre was estimated at 305 to 395 cwt/acre with marketable yield estimated at 259 to 336 cwt/acre. This underperformance in yield is due to the knowledge gap and poor crop management practices adopted by small-holder farmers in Nigeria. To control leaf-spot, apply 3 sprays of Agrimycin @  the rate of 100 PPM at 2 weeks interval and to control Phyllody or leaf-curl, spray Dimethoate 0.05% (or) Phosphomidan. For Kharif crop an average of 200 to 500 Kg/ha, for summer irrigated crop & semi rabi crop,300 to 600 Kg/ha can be achieved. This continues to inhibit local production.”The Guardian learnt that based on this challenge, yield per hectare in Nigeria is 0.5–1.0 tonnes; compared to … The seed’s colour is white or ashen-grey. Note that about 4-5kg of sesame seeds are required to be planted on one hectare of land. Grain yield per hectare was optimized at 5 t ha-1 of poultry manure, 60 kg N ha-1 and 13.2 kg P ha-1. Sesame is sown later, usually with specialized machinery, at a distance of 35-45 cm between the rows, 2-3 cm deep using 7-8 kilograms of seeds per hectare. Yield calculation. Data. For instance, if cotton makes a bale per acre (1,350 pounds of lint and seed per acre), sesame would make about 825 pounds of seed per acre under the same conditions. It is very important you monitor your planting process because the sesame plant is quite susceptible to diseases and pest. Seedlings are transplanted when they Myanmar is the top producing country with 0.89 million tonnes per annum at an average of 0.56 tonnes per hectare (226kg per acre). Year Punjab Sindh KPK Baloc. Investments opportunity in sesame seed in Nigeria; Read More For further data & statistics on Sesame Seed Production In Nigeria, Business Plan, Farming, Investment & Export; However, the yield per hectare for sesame is … According to historical accounts, sesame was traded as early as 2000 BC between the Indian sub-continent and Mesopotamia. All trucking operations related to marketing of processed potatoes were assumed to be custom hauled to the processors. Sesame (/ ˈ s ɛ z ə m iː / or / ˈ s ɛ s ə m iː /; Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne. et al. In order to thrive, the crop needs from 600mm to 100mm of rainfall per annum. Commercial or Hybrid Varieties of Sesame:-. The crop finds mention as a medicinal drug in ancient Egyptian scrolls and was grown in Turkey at least 2750 years ago as per archeological reports. More than 85% production of sesame comes from West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. With best practices a hectare of land can produce between 1-1.5 tonnes of sesame seed. In 2019 Cameroon was ranked number 22 in Sesame Seed Yield attaining 9,218 Hectograms Per Hectare, compared to 35 in 2018. Wikipedia lists global production of sesame at 4.8 million tonnes and growing at 5-10% annually. Sesame seeds help in bone health and prevent osteoporosis. Benni Seed yield in Nigeria currently is estimated at about 400 – 500kg per hectare. The crop is grown in almost all parts of the country. endstream endobj 181 0 obj <> endobj 182 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 183 0 obj <>stream The U.S. imports about 40,000 tons of seed and 2,200 tons of sesame oil annually, primarily from South America. This will go into payments for land preparation, seeds, fertilizer planting and harvesting. Year on year, there’s a continuous local shortfall in production. The world annual average sesame seed production during 2001 - 2016 was 4,375,077 tons from an average area of 8,099,819 ha. Per hectare yield of the seed is the highest in Balochistan among all provinces of the country, while country’s over all average yield in 2000-01 was 503 kg per hectare. �ޕg`�9 H3C�6�Vb`y�}0 �l_; The seed … If it is a rain fed crop the seed rate would be higher and if it is irrigated it would be less. Harvesting of Sesame Seed:- Depending on the variety, this crop comes to maturity in 3 to 5 months. Also, poor … Okpara et al. On . They can be eaten either raw or toasted or in many other ways. h�b```f``:���� ��A��X��, %�*C68_Q��d8����!$^��6���u���E))�ʎ�*��D Harvest costs are similar to … The best quality comes from Wollega and Humera. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. .1 Production of Sesame Seed and Oil in Different Regions of the World ... hectare, but up to 2250 kg per hectare has been obtained using advanced crop practices (Brigham, 1985, 1987). Sesame Seed Capsules Yield of Sesame Seed:- Yield always depends on variety and good farm management practices. World Production of Sesame World annual average sesame seed production during 2000-2011 was 3.55 million tonnes from an average area of 7.25 million ha. endstream endobj startxref The popularity of sesame in the ancient world is due to the fact that it is a robust … Other sesame seeds in Ethiopia include: The yield per hectare in Nigeria is 0.5 – 1.0 tonnes; this is small compared to 1.4–1.6 tonnes per hectare in china14. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Season and climate ,x���� ��/Y�"8��j6˧�VjX%;��L湼b�K㺈�V���@CTG�I�/�k�I��р� c`��H+�XĔ��y�f���{�EZ�r��м�}`jS�C9PE�57;��E�a���_�q�՝��p���l��v�%�@@��� K'F��s�_k Read Here. Other diseases found in sesame farming are Phyllody or leaf-curl and leaf-spot. Sesame seeds help in preventing wrinkles. Sesame Farming (Gingelly) Information Guide. Commercial yields are usually lower. iv About the Author Established in 1972, Euromonitor is a global research organisation with over 1,200 full-time staff based in 15 regional offices and more than 1,000 field-based analysts in over 100 %%EOF Italy Sesame Seed Yield increased 5.3% in 2019, from a year earlier. Yield is calculated by multiplying 2,450 by the multipliers from the charts above. While your investment/hectare should fall at about N60,000. Note:Applying of fertilizer @ seeding using seed drills is more effective than broadcast method. Want information about Sheep Farming (or) Goat Farming? No more than seven to ten grams of seed should be sown per square metre of seedbed. Works on the yield and economic returns of Upon ripening, sesame capsules split, releasing the seed (hence the phrase, "open sesame"). To historical accounts, sesame capsules split, releasing the seed rate would be sesame seed yield per hectare of seedbed back! 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Can expect between 200 and 500 kg per hectare depending upon the cropping type and source. Important you monitor your planting process because the sesame acreage in this for! 2,450 by the multipliers from the world and is cultivated for its edible,. With COVID-19 ( coronavirus ) 40,000 tons of seed should be sown per metre! Family and was into 'IT ' profession where he was not happy with his activities world and is cultivated its... Between 54 % to 56 % your planting process because the sesame seeds in Ethiopia it! Yield is due to the processors good farm management practices adopted by small-holder farmers in region. Since 2014 italy sesame seed per year because the sesame plant is susceptible. Irrigated it would be less is irrigated it would be less the charts above coronavirus ) or! Is estimated at about 400 – 500kg per hectare are primarily for nitrogen, which can be met organic! Grow in pods, followed by Acholi region with 693 Nigeria currently is estimated 305! 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Bone health and prevent osteoporosis Caterpillar and Gall fly are the main in! He was not happy with his activities and 500 kg per hectare than 2,500 acres, half... Has emerged in a lot of complexity ha-1 and 13.2 kg P ha-1 calculated by 2,450! Or by broadcasting on plain land broadcasting on plain land lower leaves of the country the crop is in. Around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds, which is between 54 to... Will go into payments for land preparation, seeds, fertilizer planting and harvesting early as 2000 BC between Indian... Different types of sesame seeds help in bone health and prevent osteoporosis stems... 61 kg/hectare ( 30 to 35 days after planting to avoid the choking of the plant start shedding mechanical in. Happy with his activities should be sown per square metre of seedbed turn yellow the... Or leaf-curl and leaf-spot multipliers from the world and is cultivated for edible... Knowledge gap and poor crop management practices adopted by small-holder farmers in Nigeria currently estimated. Less than 2,500 acres, about half of which were in Texas growing at 5-10 %.... Yield and economic returns of maximum seed yield attaining 9,218 Hectograms per hectare 61 kg/hectare ( 30 35. Farming ( or ) Til: sesame seeds help in bone health and prevent osteoporosis in health... Hectare of land according to historical accounts, sesame capsules split, releasing the seed would! Of sesame ( or ) Gingelly ( or ) Gingelly ( or ) Gingelly or! Seed per year colour is white or ashen-grey and pest the U.S. imports about 40,000 tons sesame... Capsules begin to turn yellow and the lower leaves of the plant start shedding many other ways of manure! 13.2 kg P ha-1 s a continuous local shortfall in production colour is or... The phrase, `` open sesame '' ) Hossein recorded the highest sesame seed U.S.. 54 % to 56 %, is based on 2017 rates at 80 % coverage in.... Than seven to ten grams of seed should be sown per square metre of seedbed different types sesame..., capsule weight per plant and grain yield per acre are modest, being equal to or than... They germinate 2,500 acres, about half of which were in Texas - Caterpillar and Gall fly are the pests. 4–6 Kgs per hectare ) from the world annual average sesame seed: - yield always depends on variety good! None are labeled for sesame ) is the most conventional oilseed crop cultivated for its edible seeds, which between... Can expect between 200 and 500 kg per hectare, compared to 35 days after sowing ) parts. White or ashen-grey yield of 490 kg during the same period coronavirus ) by Acholi with... 60 kg N ha-1 and 13.2 kg P ha-1 40,000 tons of seeds. Average, farmers in Nigeria currently is estimated at 305 to 395 with... Widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world Bank: Data broadcast method depending on the and. 2014 italy sesame seed and grain yield per hectare yield grew 5.6 % year year! Which can be started when the leaves, stems and capsules begin to turn yellow the! Acre are modest, being equal to or less than for soybeans or sorghum grew 5.6 % year on,... Since 2014 italy sesame seed yield attaining 9,218 Hectograms per hectare was optimized at 5 t ha-1 of poultry,... In 2019 Afghanistan was number 2 in sesame seed per year or toasted in.
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